How BIMI Avoids Unauthorized (or Fraudulent) Use of Logos

BIMI

BIMI provides email security that stands for Brand Indicators for Message Identification which displays the brand logo next to authenticated emails and allows the email users to recognize and avoid fraudulent messages. There is a type of email authentication protocol named DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication Reporting, Reporting & Conformance) that is used to ensure that the organization’s domain has not been spoofed.

BIMI is built on DMARC which is used with SPF and DKIM. DKIM stands for DomainKeys Identified Mail works on cryptography and ensures that the email messages you send are not modified in transit whereas SPF stands for Sender Policy Framework which is a form of email authentication that checks and specifies that the email servers from where they are being sent with their domain originate from a specific IP address.

A BIMI checker is easy to use where your domain name is the input and you get the results instantly.

Although it is not mandatory to use BIMI, it’s a good practice and your domain is protected which gives the users or recipients peace of mind about their messages which are authenticated.

With BIMI security in place, there is no way that cyber-attacks which consist of Phishing, or Spear-Phishing attacks would jeopardise the system. In July 2021, the search giants Google with their Gmail service in place had officially rolled out BIMI for all Gmail inboxes.

Currently, BIMI is supported by the following mailbox providers:

  • Fastmail
  • Proofpoint
  • Verizon Media (Yahoo!, AOL)
  • Google

If the email is legitimate inside an email inbox where a company logo is displayed with the help of a BIMI record which is a type of DNS TXT.

How BIMI works

The organizations which use the BIMI for authentication of their emails have to use Sender Policy Framework (SPF) or Domain Keys Identified Mail (DKIM) and apply DMARC which provides their validated trademark logos to the organization via a Verified Mark Certificate (VMC).  BIMI makes sure that your organization has adopted DMARC, and that you have validated your logo with a VMC. VMCs are being issued by two BIMI-qualified Certification Authorities i.e. DigiCert and Entrust Datacard.

Requirements to join BIMI

There is a brand trust developed with BIMI and to be a part of the BIMI there are the following conditions which need to be met:

•             The recipient’s domain needs to be DMRAC authenticated.

•             The recipient’s owner needs to obtain the right certification.

•             A standing history needs to be maintained.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Ques 1. What is BIMI?

Ans 1. BIMI provides email security that stands for Brand Indicators for Message Identification which displays the brand logo next to authenticated emails and allows the email users to recognize and avoid fraudulent messages.

Ques 2. Why it is important to have BIMI?

Ans 2. To protect your brand and consumers from fraudulent messages it is important to have strong email authentication and identification.

Ques 3. What is the BIMI record?

Ans 3.  It is a type of DNS TXT that is used to record and display the band logos within recipients.

Ques 4. What is BIMI Radar?

Ans 4. BIMI Radar is used to track the DMARC readiness and the adoption of BIMI with companies and organizations’ domains worldwide on a daily basis.

Ques 5. How to set up DMRAC?

Ans 5. To understand how to setup DMRAC, you need to click here

Ques 6. How to set up a BIMI txt record?

Ans 6.  To understand how to set up a BIMI txt record, you need to click here

Ques 7. What are the steps to implement BIMI for your emails?

Ans 7. The steps involved in implementing BIMI for the emails are:

1.            Implement SPF and DKIM

2.            Implement DMARC with the enforcement policy

3.            Publish a BIMI record

Ques 8. Which tools are used to check BIMI?

Ans 8. The easiest way to check the BIMI is with a BIMI lookup tool which can be chosen from BIMI Group, MX Toolbox, Agari and Valimail.

Ques 9. To which email providers does BIMI is supported?

Ans 9. BIMI is supported by the following mailbox providers:

•             Fastmail

•             Proofpoint

•             Verizon Media (Yahoo!, AOL)

•             Google

Ques 10. What is the reason for BIMI Logo Not Appearing in Emails?

Ans 10. To make sure that the BIMI logo appears in emails first make sure that you have an enforced DMARC Policy (p=quarantine or p=reject) and for Gmail, make sure you have a valid VMC.

If you want to more about it, then just drop an email to info@doctoolss.com or contact the undersigned.

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Knowledge Management …!!!

Knowledge Management

What is Knowlege Management?

It is the collection of methods relating to creating, sharing, using & managing the information & knowledge within an organization.

It refers to a multidisciplinary approach to achieving organisational objectives by making the best of knowledge.

KM

Types of Knowlege Management

  1. Explicit Knowlege : Knowledge i.e eazy to write down & share
  2. Implicit Knowledge: Applied Knowledge
  3. Tacit Knowledge: Knowledge i.e. gained through personnal experience

Knowledge Management Process

  • Knowledge Creation: It starts with knowledge that may come from many sources, including employees within an organization or outside individuals.
  • Knowledge Storage: The knowledge must then be structured in a knowledge management system for future use. This knowledge must not only be organized, but it also needs to include security features so that knowledge can be accessed by authorized personnel when needed.
  • Knowledge Sharing: The knowledge organization process is completed by knowledge sharing. This knowledge sharing includes everything from knowledge training to knowledge exchange, where knowledge can be acquired or enhanced through knowledge discussions.

Examples of KM: CMS, Wiki, Data Warehouse, DMS etc.

Source: https://www.ibm.com/cloud/learn/knowledge-management

If you want to more about it, then just drop an email to info@doctoolss.com or contact the undersigned.

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Cryptocurrency heard a lot but what is it ???

Blockchain

Today when we all are trying to get back to our normal lives after the struck of the pandemic COVID19, there is still something more which we are reading daily but not understanding it i.e. Cryptocurrency.

Although Cryptocurrency is an ocean itself, here we are trying to understand the basis of it, lets see some technical terms related to cryptocurrency.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a type of digital currency which uses digital files as money.

What is BitCoin?

Bitcoin is the best known cryptocurrency.

What are the Types of Cryptocurrency?

There are many types of cryptocurrency such as BitCoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Tether, Shiba, Sandbox etc.

Bitcoin is the best known cryptocurrency whereas a cryptocurrency is a medium of exchange.

What is Blockchain Technology?

Blockchain is a type of security in cryptography where it uses cryptography encryption to protect every transaction.

In technical terms, blockchain is a system of recording information in a way that makes it difficult or impossible to change, hack, or cheat the system. Each block in the chain contains a number of transactions, and every time a new transaction occurs on the blockchain, a record of that transaction is added to every participant’s ledger.

What is the role of Blockchain in cryptocurrency?

Blockchain forms the bedrock for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. By spreading its operations across a network of computers, blockchain allows Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to operate without the need for a central authority, by this, it not only reduces the risk but also eliminates many of the processing and transaction fee.

If you want to know more about it, then just drop an email to info@doctoolss.com or contact the undersigned.

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What is SIEM vs SIAM?

SIEM vs SIAM

SIEM: Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) is a software solution that aggregates and analyzes activity from many different resources across your entire IT infrastructure.

How do SIEM works?

It works by collecting log and event data generated by an organizations applications, security devices and host systems and bringing it together into a single centralized platform. SIEM gathers data from antivirus events, firewall logs and other locations; it sorts this data into categories, for example : malware activity and failed and successful logins. 

SIEM tool it identifies threat through a network security monitoring, which generates an alert and identifies a threat level based on predetermined rules set. Ex: If some user tries to log into an account 10 times in 10 minutes that is okay, but 100 times in 10 minutes might be flagged as an attempted attack.

By this, it detects threats and creates security alerts. SIEM’s custom dashboards and event management system improves investigative efficiency and reduces time wasted on false positives.

The threat detection element itself can help to detect threats in emails, cloud resources, applications, external threat intelligence sources and endpoints. This can include user and entity behaviour analytics (UEBA) which analyzes behaviours and activities to monitor for abnormal behaviours which could indicate a threat. It can also detect behaviour anomalies, lateral movement and compromised accounts.

Main features of SIEM

  • Threat Detection
  • Investigation
  • Time to respond

SIAM: Service Integration and Management (SIAM) is an approach to managing multiple suppliers of services (business services as well as information technology services) and integrating them to provide a single business-facing IT organization.

If you want to more about it, then just drop an email to info@doctoolss.com or contact the undersigned.

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Azure vs AWS (Battle for the No.1 Spot)…!!

AWS vs Azure

Day in day out we talk about the cloud and the services provided by them. The market today is led by AWS followed by Azure and catching up are GCP (Google Cloud Platform).

There are around 160+ services provided by AWS and counts are adding up whereas in Azure the services are lesser than AWS but are also getting added up with time.

Let’s have a sneek peek at some of the important services by these market leaders:

AWS EC2 Vs Azure VM

AWS EC2 Instance Vs Azure VM Scale Sets

AWS S3 Vs Azure Blob Storage

AWS Lambda/Fargate Vs Azure Functions

AWS Beanstalk Vs Azure App Service

AWS SQS Vs Azure Queue Storage

AWS ELB (Elastic Load Balancer) Vs Azure Load Balancer

AWS VPN Vs Azure Virtual Network

AWS DynamoDB Vs Azure Cosmos DB

AWS Shield Vs Azure DDoS

AWS RDS Vs Azure SQL DB

AWS Red Shift Vs Azure Synapse Analytics

AWS Rekognition/Lex/Polly/Transcribe Vs Azure Cognitive Service

For more information on the above AWS services, click here

For more information on the above Azure services, click here

We at DocTooLss are certified by AWS & Azure certificates and day in & day out make ourselves well versed with the AWS & Azure ongoing cloud services.

We can even assist our clients in understanding the cloud & the services provided by them, so no need to go anywhere or pay a huge amount of money on online big educational institutions. Just drop an email to info@doctoolss.com or contact the undersigned .

DocTooLss

About DocTooLss :

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Let’s Dig Down in AWS…!!

EC2 by AWS

As we know that there are many services which are offered by AWS , lets pick few and try to understand their usage and utility it has for us:

AWS EC 2 (Virtual Servers on Cloud)

  • EC2 stands for Elastic Compute Cloud
  • It is one of the most famous offerings by AWS
  • It is a IaaS platform
  • It is basically renting of VMs
  • Storing data on Virtual Drives (EBS , ELB) and Distributing load across machines
  • Scaling of service using an auto-scaling group (ASG)

There are wide variety of Amazon EC2 Instance types comprise varying combinations of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capacity that gives you the flexibility to choose the appropriate mix of resources for your applications.

Each instance type includes one or more instance sizes, allow you to scale your resources either up or down and in or out to the requirements of your target workload.

Types of EC2 Instance Types

  • General Purpose
  • Memory Optimized
  • Compute Optimized
  • Accelerated Computing
  • Storage Optimized
InstancevCPU*CPU Credits / hourMem (GiB) StorageNetwork Performance
t2.nano130.5EBS-OnlyLow
t2.micro161EBS-OnlyLow to Moderate
t2.small1122EBS-OnlyLow to Moderate
t2.medium2244EBS-OnlyLow to Moderate
t2.large2368EBS-OnlyLow to Moderate
t2.xlarge45416EBS-OnlyModerate
t2.2xlarge88132EBS-OnlyModerate

T2 instances – General Purpose Instance

Source: AWS Website , for more information, click here

EC2 Purchase Options

  • On-Demand Instance
  • Reserved Instance, Convertible Instance and Scheduled Reserve Instance
  • Spot Instance
  • Dedicated Hosts and Dedicated Instance

For more information on these, contact the undersigned

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What is EC2 Image Builder?

EC2 Image Builder is a fully managed AWS service that makes it easier to automate the creation, management, and deployment of customized, secure, and up-to-date “golden” server images that are pre-installed and pre-configured with software and settings to meet specific IT standards.

The guided steps by EC2 Image Builder:

  • Provide starting artifacts
  • Add and remove software
  • Customize settings and scripts
  • Run selected tests
  • Distribute images to AWS Regions

Features of EC2 Image Builder

  1. Increase productivity and reduce operations for building compliant and up-to-date images
  2. Increase service uptime
  3. Raise the security bar for deployments
  4. Centralized enforcement and lineage tracking
  5. Simplified sharing of images across AWS accounts

For more information on these devices, click here

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Services by AWS

AWS

Databases (DB) in AWS : These are stored on EFS, EBS, EC2 , Instances , S3

  • Relational DB : – These are like Excel spreadsheets , which can use SQL language to perform Lookups.
  • No SQL DB: – It is build for specific purpose/data, flexible schemes.

Benefits of DB:

  • Flexibility
  • Scalability
  • High Performance
  • Highly Functional

Benefits of AWS:

  • Quick Provisioning
  • High Availability (HA)
  • Vertical & Horizontal Scaling
  • Auto Backup & Restore
  • OS Monitoring
  • Alerting

AWS RDS

Relational DB service managed for DB use SQL as a query language. It allows you to create db in the cloud.

Kinds of RDS
  • PostGress
  • My SQL
  • Maria DB
  • Oracle
  • MSSQL Server
  • Aurora (AWS property DB)

Amazon Aurora

It is a proprietary tech from AWS:

  • Post gresSQL & mySQL are both supported
  • Cloud Optimized
  • 5X performance improvement
  • Storage auto grows increments of 10 GB
  • Cost 20% RDS, more efficient

Note: Aurora is cloud native AWS RDS technology based to manage service.

Note: Relational DB will look like a Excel doc or .csv with relations between tables.

Database Migration Service

It helps you to migrate db to AWS quickly & securely. It minimizes downtime to app.

Amazon ElasticCache

  • It is use to get managed redis or memcached
  • These are in-memory db with high-performance

DynamoDB

  • It is fully managed highly available with replication across 3 AZ
  • No SQL DB
  • Serverless DB
  • Million of request
  • Integrated with IAM
  • Data type – Key/value d/b

RedShift

It is based on Postgress SQL, but not for OLTP (online transition processing)

  • 10 x better performance than other db warehouses
  • Massively parallel query execution
  • Pay as you go based
  • Has a SQL interface for performing the queries
  • Integrated with BI Tools

Amazon EMR

  • Elastic Map Reduce
  • Creates Hadoop Clusters (Big data) analyze process vast a mount of data
  • Apache, Spark , KBase
  • Autoscalling

AWS Athena

  • Fully Serverless db with SQL cap
  • used for query data in S3
  • Pay per query
  • o/p resul back to S3

Note: One-time SQL queries serverless queries on S3 , log analytics

For more information on these devices, click here

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What is CASB?

CASB stands for Cloud Access Security Breaker, which is a software tool that acts as a barrier between on-premises and a cloud provider’s infrastructure which can be a Azure, AWS , Google Cloud , IBM cloud etc.

The technology is needed to secure cloud services which are being adopted at a large pace by different organization’s. CASB vendors understand that for the protection of cloud services is different since the data is yours but stored in a systems that belong to someone else.

The benefits provided by CASB are:

  • Efficiently govern cloud data.
  • Ensure compliance.
  • Guard against threats.

There are different vendors of CASB such as Bitglass, Microsoft , Mcaffee, Symantec , Cisco , Forcepoint etc. More information about the vendors – click here.

About DocTooLss :

We make Technology EaZy via Docs” 

Follow us @doctools8 | WordPress: www.doctoolss.wordpress.com | Website: www.doctoolss.com| Tumblr: https://www.tumblr.com/blog/doctoolss | Medium: https://medium.com/@doctoolss| Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DTdoctoolss/  | Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/doc-tools-a302311a9/

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